An explanation of Performing Rights Organizations and links to their sites.
A performing rights organization's (PRO) function is collecting performing rights royalties on behalf of its members, composers and music publishers. The PRO then distributes these royalties to its members, minus the PRO's administration costs. As a composer and publisher (ITNOJ Music), I have a agreements with a PRO.
PROs license public performances of their members' music which includes network television, cable TV, cable movie channels (HBO, Showtime, etc.), use in nightclubs, stores, restaurants and other public performances. PROs only licenses performing rights, and only non-dramatic performing rights.
Dramatic Rights (which are not licensed by the PROs) include performances you would see on Broadway or other theater type of performance. These rights are negotiated directly with either the composer, the publisher or their representative. Performance royalties are collected for movie theater performances in almost every country except the United States of America.
Rights such as mechanical rights, grand rights, master rights or synchronization rights are NOT licensed by PROs. PROs license performing rights only.
Performing rights organizations monitor their members' music when it is performed on the radio. In Television and Film performances, PROs use what is known as a Cue Sheet to keep track of whose music is used in which broadcast or film. These Cue Sheets are filled out by the producer and submitted to each PRO who has a member represented on the Cue Sheet. The fees paid to the performing rights organizations are typically paid by the broadcaster and are not the responsibility of the producer.
This is just a brief introduction to performing rights organizations. For further information, please contact the PRO directly.
|USA ASCAP , BMI , SESAC
United Kingdom PRS
Brazil UBC, ECAD
Czech Republic OSA
Hong Kong CASH
New Zealand APRA
South Africa SAMRO
Trinidad & Tobago COTT